Volta Region is one of the ten regions in Ghana. It lies on the eastern side of the country. The region derived its name from the Volta River, which virtually separates it from the rest of the country. The region is unique in the sense that it is the longest of the regions and has all the ecological zones and ethnic groups found in Ghana living in it as indigenes. For this uniqueness, the region is described as a microcosm of the country.
Historically, the northern part of the region, with the exception of the regional capital, Ho, was part of the German colony, while the southern part was administered as part of the Gold Coast colony. After Germany?s defeat in World War I, its colony of Togoland was partitioned. One portion was placed under the protectorate of Britain as British Togo. The other, under the French protectorate, became French Togo, now the Republic of Togo.
The British protectorate of Togoland, later to be known as Trans-Volta Togoland (TVT), was administered by the Governor of the Gold Coast. After Ghana achieved independence in 1957, the Parliament adopted a resolution to merge and integrate the Trans-Volta Togoland with Ghana, under the name Volta Region.
The population of the region according to the 2010 population and housing census stands at 2,118,252 with 1,019,398 males and 1,098,854 females.